City of Glendale:  Audit of Wholesale Power Contract.  Evaluation of seller’s support for hourly pricing under long-term power sales contract for most recent contract year.

Litigation Support:  Grant County PUD (2010).  Analysis of wholesale pricing under long-term power sales contract;  development of strategic arguments;  discovery.

Application for Exemption from FERC Fees:  Northern Wasco County PUD and Klickitat County PUD (2010).  Preparation of application under 18 CFR §§11.1 and 11.6 for waiver of federal charges associated with a small hydropower project in Oregon.

Open-Access Transmission Tariff:  Tacoma Power (2010).  Revision of existing tariff to comply with FERC Order 890;  revision of all rates (transmission and ancillary services).

Federal Power and Transmission Rates:  Tacoma Power (2010).  Analysis of initial implementation of wholesale (tiered) power rates and wholesale transmission rates;  advice on alternative rate designs for power and transmission.

Federal Power and Transmission Rates:  Snohomish County PUD (2010).  Analysis of initial implementation of wholesale (tiered) power rates and wholesale transmission rates;  advice on alternative rate designs for power and transmission.

Federal Power and Transmission Rates:  PNGC Power (2010).  Analysis of proposed initial implementation of wholesale (tiered) power rates;  advice on alternative rate designs;  support for retail rate design services;  preparation for formal rate proceeding before the Bonneville Power Administration.

Litigation Support:  PNGC Power (2010).  Analysis of economic consequences of special contract for sale of power by a federal agency to a large industrial customer.

Retail Rates:  City of Portland (2010).  Analysis of proposal for rate increase by investor-owned utility;  multiple accounts, rate schedules and City bureaus.  Testimony before the Oregon Public Utility Commission on marginal cost pricing.

Damages under Long-Term Power Purchase Agreement:  City of Glendale, California (2004-2010).  Analysis of complex pricing provisions in long-term power purchase/exchange contract, translation into Excel logic, calculation of damages;  affidavits filed at the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and the U.S. District Court, District of Oregon.

Municipal Fiscal Response to Recession:  City of Glendale (2010).  Research regarding municipal enterprise activities and the recession.

Market Analysis:  Distributed Energy Networks, Inc. (2009-2010).  Analysis of market potential (sales quantity and pricing) for a distributed energy storage start-up company.

Member, Independent Economic Panel, Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Program:  U.S. Geological Survey (2009-10).   Review of previous economic studies relevant to the Program;  plan future economic research to inform federal managers and Program stakeholders about potential economic impacts and trade-offs associated with varying operations of Glen Canyon Dam, and economic implications of other management actions;  report to Grand Canyon Monitoring and Research Center staff and the Program stakeholders with recommendations for moving forward with future socioeconomic work.  Reference:  Helen Fairley, 928-556-7285.

Federal Power and Transmission Rates: Tacoma Power (2010-present). Analysis of proposed initial implementation of wholesale (tiered) power rates and wholesale transmission rates; advice on alternative rate designs for power and transmission; preparation for formal rate proceeding before the Bonneville Power Administration. Reference: Travis Metcalfe, 253-502-8149.

Open-Access Transmission Tariff:  Tacoma Power (2010-present).  Revision of existing tariff to comply with FERC Order 890;  revision of all rates (transmission and ancillary services).  Reference:  Travis Metcalfe, 253-502-8149.

Federal Power and Transmission Rates:  Snohomish County PUD (2009-present).  Analysis of proposed initial implementation of wholesale (tiered) power rates and wholesale transmission rates;  advice on alternative rate designs for power and transmission;  preparation for formal rate proceeding before the Bonneville Power Administration.  Reference:  Anna Miles, 425-783-1604.

Transmission Contract Negotiations:  Grant County PUD (2009-present).  Advice on PUD’s transmission rights under long-term contract with Bonneville Power Administration.  Reference: Rod Noteboom, 509-766-2523.

Economics of Critical Habitat:  Fish and Wildlife Service (2009).  Under subcontract to Industrial Economics, Inc., analysis of the economic impacts under the Endangered Species Act of proposed critical habitat designation for the Oregon chub.

Long-Term Land Leases: Minnick-Hayner, Walla Walla, Washington (2009). Economic analysis of options for compensation to landowners for leases of property to wind generation and transmission developers.

Expert Testimony: Pacific Northwest Generating Cooperative (2009).  Analysis of wholesale rate proposal by the Bonneville Power Administration;  discovery and testimony.

Program Evaluation: Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance (2008).  Retrospective evaluation of the accomplishments of the Alliance, which encourages the development and adoption of energy-efficient products and services in the Pacific Northwest (available at http://www.nwalliance.org/research/reportdetail.aspx?ID=233).

Washington Public Utility Districts Association (2008).  Advice on issues associated with formation of new publicly-owned utilities in Washington State.

Implementation of Federal Rates Mandates:  Public Power Council, Portland, Oregon (2007-08).  Strategic advice regarding the interpretation of certain provisions of the Northwest Power Act, regarding the rates charged for power by the Bonneville Power Administration.  Testimony before the Bonneville Power Administration.

Litigation Support:  City of Portland (2007).  Support for a subpoena issued by the City seeking tax records from an investor-owned utility.

Economic Analysis in a Condemnation Case:  South San Joaquin Irrigation District (2004-07).  Analysis and preparation of economic reports on “private injury” aspects of condemnation by the District of distribution assets owned by an investor-owned utility in California.

Purchase of Renewable Energy:  City of Portland (2007).  Advice on contract terms associated with purchase of renewable energy resource to serve City’s municipal loads.

Litigation Support:  Tacoma Power, Tacoma, Washington (2004-07).  Analysis of contractual provisions for formula-based payments under a long-term power purchase agreement;  strategic advice regarding potential litigation;  declarations filed in Superior Court for Spokane County, Washington;  preparation for litigation.

Wholesale Power and Transmission Contracts, Rates, and Industry Restructuring: Public Generating Pool, Washington (1996-2007).  For a joint venture of consumer-owned utilities in Washington State, a broad range of economic services associated with the purchases of power and transmission services from the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), and concerning the policies of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), including:

  1. Analysis of and expert testimony on (a) BPA’s open-access transmission tariffs (terms and conditions), (b) transmission revenue requirements, (c) transmission cost allocation, (d) transmission rate design, (e) the definition and pricing of unbundled power services, (f) the interaction of BPA’s proposed wholesale rate structure with the utilities’ existing purchase power contracts with BPA, (g) proposed rate design for new long-term power contracts.
  2. Advice on policies of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission on transmission access and pricing.
  3. Analysis of proposals for restructuring the Northwest electrical energy system, including power and transmission.
  4. Negotiation of new long-term contracts for the purchase of federal power, which include various power products.
  5. Analysis of proposed cost allocation methodologies and rate designs for federal power.
  6. Analysis of and advice on proposals for a Regional Transmission Organization, including pricing, congestion management, planning and expansion, cost-benefit analysis, creditworthiness regulations, and market monitoring functions.
  7. Testimony before the Northwest Congressional delegation regarding regional transmission restructuring.

The Public Generating Pool (PGP) includes Seattle City Light, Cowlitz County Public Utility District (PUD), Grant County PUD, Douglas County PUD, Pend Oreille County PUD, Tacoma Power, Snohomish County PUD, and the Eugene Water and Electric Board.

Market Redesign and Technology Upgrade (MRTU):  Public Power Council (2006-07).  Review of the MRTU filing by the California Independent System Operator, concentrating on implications for public power utilities in the Pacific Northwest.  Drafting of comments for FERC technical conferences.

Consolidation of Control Areas:  Turlock Irrigation District, Turlock, California (2007).  White paper on the advantages and disadvantages of consolidation of control areas (revised May 2009).

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis:  Independent Economic Analysis Board, Northwest Power Planning Council, Portland, Oregon (1997-07).  Advice to the Council on the appropriate methods of economic analysis for proposed fish recovery measures, including the roles and limits of economic analysis in making policy decisions.  Evaluation of previous studies of the cost-effectiveness of fish recovery measures.  Peer review of studies by the Corps of Engineers, BPA and various contractors of the economic consequences of removal of federal hydroelectric projects on the Lower Snake River.  Recommendations for use of market mechanisms to acquire water rights for fisheries enhancement.  Vice-Chair, 2001-2002.  Reappointed to second and third four-year terms, November 2002 and December 2006;  resigned August 2007.

Federal Power and Transmission Contracts and Rates, Industry Restructuring:  Eugene Water and Electric Board, Eugene, Oregon (1998-07).  Advice regarding the partial requirements products and related rates, proposed to be offered by the Bonneville Power Administration;  analysis of proposed rate designs and product definitions for purchases of federal power;  assistance in the analysis of alternative new transmission services, including the interaction with new power services;  advice on development of Regional Transmission Organizations;  general advisory services on regional power issues.

Federal Power and Transmission Contracts and Rates, Industry Restructuring:  Tacoma Power, Tacoma, Washington (1999-07).  Advice and analysis of transmission and power products offered and being designed by the Bonneville Power Administration.

Retail Rates and Direct Access:  City of Portland, Oregon (2006-07).  Analysis of retail rate filings by two investor-owned utilities, with emphasis on rates, terms and conditions of direct access, terms and conditions of service to accounts with consumer-owned behind-the-meter generation, and costs of streetlight services.  Drafting of term sheets for power purchase agreement.  Discovery, settlement conferences, direct testimony.

Retail Rates:  City of Gresham, Oregon (2006-07).  Analysis of retail rate filings by an investor-owned utility, with emphasis on costs of streetlight services.  Discovery, settlement conferences, direct testimony.

Integration of Wind Resource:  Cowlitz County PUD, Longview, Washington (2006).  Strategic advice regarding options for maximizing economic value of a wind resource and for design of contract for retail load service.

Long-Term Transmission Contract Application and Negotiation:  Public Utility District No. 1 of Klickitat County, Washington (2005).  Economic evaluation of options, preparation of application for renewal of transmission service, preparation for contract negotiations, briefing of management and Board on options and recommendations.

Federal Power Rates:  Cowlitz County PUD, Eugene Water and Electric Board, Grant County PUD, Pacific Northwest Generating Cooperative, Pend Oreille County PUD, Seattle City Light, Tacoma Power (2006).  Analysis, negotiation, and testimony on pricing of ancillary services, rate design, market-based rates, and rate for Slice of System power sales.

Wholesale Transmission Rates:  State Water Project, Department of Water Resources, Sacramento, California (2006).  Analysis of filing at FERC for a transmission rate increase by an investor-owned utility, discovery, recommendations regarding settlement, representation at settlement conference at FERC.

Integration of Wind Resource:  White Creek Purchasers, Washington (2005).  Analysis and advice regarding integration services and transmission access.

Acquisition of Renewable Resources, City of Portland, Oregon (2004-05).  Analysis and advice on the transmission implications of the potential acquisition of new renewable resources by the City, including contract structure, ancillary services, and relationships with Energy Service Suppliers.

Transmission Restructuring: Washington Public Utility Districts Association, Seattle, Washington (2002-06).  Analysis and advice regarding federal transmission restructuring proposals, including development of alternatives to FERC’s Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs) and other near-term improvements to the management of the regional transmission system.

Implementation of Energy Policy Act of 2005 (2005).  Drafting and submission of comments to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission on behalf of a coalition of consumer-owned utilities in the Northwest.

Report on Non-Bypassable Charges:  Turlock Irrigation District, Turlock, California (2005).  In association with Margaret A. Meal, CFA, preparation of a report on “exit fees” charged to loads that transferred service from Pacific Gas & Electric Company to Turlock Irrigation District.

Evaluation of ISO Market Monitoring:  American Public Power Association, Washington, D.C. (2004).  Review and evaluation of the activities and effectiveness of market monitors at three existing Independent System Operators in New England, New York, and the Mid-Atlantic (PJM).

Litigation Support:  Turbine Technology Services, Orlando, Florida (2004-05).  Expert opinion services regarding general determinants of the value of assets in power markets, in litigation related to an outage of a power generation plant in upstate New York.  Submission of report before the Supreme Court for the County of Niagara, State of New York, Case No. 110482.  Appearance before arbitrator in Buffalo, New York for direct and cross-examination.

Market Activities of Public Enterprises:  American Public Power Association, Washington, D.C. (2004).  Review and preliminary evaluation of an academic article regarding the incentives for anticompetitive behavior by public enterprises.

Economics of Critical Habitat:  National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, Washington, D.C. (2003-04).  As a subcontractor to Industrial Economics, Inc., advice on the economic analysis associated with critical habitat designation for endangered salmon and bull trout populations in the Pacific Northwest;  review and critique of draft reports.

Wholesale Power Contract Litigation:  Cities of Burbank, Glendale and Pasadena, California (1996-2004).  Preparation and filing of damage estimates under long-term sales and exchange agreements with a Northwest federal agency.  Clarification of estimated damages with agency staff.  Estimation of damages included in Complaint filed at the Federal Court of Claims and the Energy Board of Contract Appeals (EBCA).  Preparation of damage claims.  Testimony at trial before the EBCA.

Northwest Transmission Restructuring:  Snohomish County PUD, Washington (2004).  Participation in a workshop of the PUD Board on the current status of transmission restructuring initiatives in the Pacific Northwest, including options to formation of a Regional Transmission Organization.

Cost/Benefit Analysis of a Regional Transmission Organization:  City of Seattle, City Light Department (2003-04).  In cooperation with Energy Expert Services, Inc., preparation of a report on the financial and operational impacts on Seattle City Light of a range of alternatives for a Regional Transmission Organization in the Pacific Northwest.

Wholesale Power Contract Evaluation, Renegotiation, and Litigation;  Transmission Restructuring:  Turlock Irrigation District, Turlock, California (2002-04).  Advice and analysis related to certain provisions of a long-term power sales contract, then under dispute;  advice regarding national transmission restructuring proposals.

Retail Access:  Tri-Met, Portland, Oregon (2001-03).  Strategic and tactical advice and analysis for the tri-county transportation agency (bus and light rail) serving the Portland metropolitan area, regarding the implications of proposed regulations, prices, and tariffs related to the implementation of retail competition for electricity in Oregon:  collection of necessary data, interpretation of tariffs, analysis of pricing options;  advice regarding management of options, including pricing choices with incumbent suppliers, swap arrangements, and direct access;  evaluation of the costs of alternatives available under retail access tariffs of Portland General Electric.

Integration of Wind Resources:  Grant County PUD, Ephrata, Washington (2003).  Advice on the costs of integrating wind resources into the Northwest energy system.

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis:  Public Power Council, Portland, Oregon (2003).  Advice on the potential to incorporate additional cost-effectiveness analyses in the evaluation of operations of the Columbia River system.

Potential Public Acquisition of an Investor-Owned Utility:  Regional Power Study Group (Clackamas, Marion, Multnomah, and Washington Counties, Oregon) (2002-03).  Preparation and presentation of a pro forma analysis comparing public and private acquisition of an investor-owned utility;  advice to Commissioners of individual counties.

Acquisition of an Investor-Owned Utility by a Municipality, City of Portland, Oregon (2003).  Preparation of pro forma estimates of the retail rate impacts of the acquisition of Portland General Electric by the City of Portland.

Oregon Metals Industry Council, Salem, Oregon (2002).  Analysis of the structure of electricity costs for four major customers of Portland General Electric and PacifiCorp;  review of pricing options for 2003;  development of pro forma cost analyses

Retail Access:  City of Portland, Oregon (2000-02).  Review of draft rules and development of comments on proposed regulations of the Oregon Public Utilities Commission (OPUC) for implementation of retail direct (open) access;  analysis of and advice on retail access filings at the OPUC by two investor-owned utilities serving City accounts;  prefiled testimony in formal OPUC dockets on a variety of issues, including rate design for streetlights and traffic signals, payments to small distributed generation, and tariff provisions;  negotiation of settlement agreements;  estimation of impacts of final rates adopted by the OPUC;  advice regarding management of supply options, including pricing choices of incumbent suppliers, swap arrangements, and direct access;  preparation of draft Request for Qualifications materials;  evaluation of the costs of alternatives available under retail access tariffs of Portland General Electric.

Retail Access Rates and Tariffs:  League of Oregon Cities, Salem, Oregon (2000-02).  For the Cities of Tualatin, Hillsboro, and Sandy, Oregon, analysis of impacts of proposed unbundled and direct access retail rates of an investor-owned utility in Oregon.  Analysis of the likely effects of choices available under retail tariffs of Portland General Electric.

Analysis of Regional Energy Markets:  REBOUND (2002).  For a coalition of environmental and labor organizations, preparation of reports before the Idaho Department of Water Resources, pertaining to the “speculative purpose” standard in the application for water rights by two power projects proposed in northern Idaho.  Deposition and testimony (direct and cross-examination) at hearing.

Wheeling Tariff and Rate Development:  Cowlitz County PUD, Longview, Washington (2001-02).  Design of segment-specific and network wholesale tariff and rates for wheeling services to be provided to new generation resources located within the PUD’s service territory, including required and optional ancillary services;  draft of agreement for the provision of wheeling services.

Strategic Evaluation of Wholesale Water Conveyance Rates:  Metropolitan Water District of Southern California, Los Angeles, California (1999).  Review of methodology for evaluating the impacts of the proposed legislation and alternative proposals, including an analysis of the assumptions and approach used in that methodology;  application of standard utility and regulatory cost of service and economic practices to review proposed legislation and alternative proposals for calculating wheeling rates;  comparison of proposed legislative alternatives and regulatory practices governing the application of wheeling rates in other utility sectors;  identification of those areas of water utility economics and regulations that distinguish water utilities and agencies from other utilities such as gas and electricity;  advice on best practices for determining wheeling rates for water transmission system;  review of unbundling, cost allocation, and rate design proposals.

Transmission Access and Pricing:  FPL Energy, Inc., Juno Beach, Florida (1998-2002).  Assessment of available transmission capacity and estimate of transmission costs for a new thermal generation project in the Pacific Northwest.  Occasional advice on transmission pricing and access issues in the Northwest.

Due Diligence:  Klickitat Public Utility District, Goldendale, Washington (2001).  Review of financial and economic assumptions associated with a proposed generation project.

Reactive Power Charges:  Grant County PUD, Ephrata, Washingon (2000).  Analysis of impact of proposed charges for reactive power and voltage support.

Power Purchase Arrangements, Pacific Northwest Generating Cooperative, Portland, Oregon (2000).  Presentation on the costs and risks associated with a new type of power purchase arrangement in the Northwest.

Economic Analysis in Condemnation Case:  City of Hermiston, Oregon (2000). Analysis and preparation of economic reports on “private injury” aspects of condemnation by the City of distribution assets owned by an investor-owned utility;  expert testimony (direct, rebuttal, and cross-examination) at trial;  judicial finding in favor of client.

Regional Transmission Organizations:  Chelan County PUD, Wenatchee, Washington (2000).  Organization of a workshop held at Chelan PUD to review the current status of RTO-West, under development in the Northwest to comply with FERC Order 2000.

Sale of Investor-Owned Utility:  City of Glendale, California (2000).  Review of proposed sale of investor-owned utility in Oregon to an investor-owned utility in Nevada.

Economic Analysis in Condemnation Case:  Emerald People’s Utility District, Eugene, Oregon (1999-2000).  Analysis and advice to Board and management regarding economic consequences of annexation of retail service territory by Emerald;  preparation of economic report on “private injury”;  expert testimony (direct, rebuttal, and cross-examination) at trial;  judicial finding in favor of client.

Assessment of Electricity Loads and Infrastructure:  Energy Office, City of Portland, Oregon (1999).  With Robert Young & Associates, preparation of a study of (a) the physical and financial characteristics of the local electric distribution systems within the City, (b) transmission interconnections with nearby transmission providers, (c) load shapes for customer classes within the City of Portland, (d) power purchase options for the City, and (e) cost savings associated with various post-deregulation scenarios.  Continued analysis of options for municipal ownership of the distribution systems in the City of Portland.

Transmission Investment Planning:  Grant County PUD, Ephrata, Washington (1999).  Advice on a possible multi-million dollar investment in new transmission capacity.

Retail Power Contracts:  Klickitat Public Utility District, Goldendale, Washington (1999).  Review of draft retail contracts for the sale of power to an aluminum smelter.

Generation Auction Procedures:  City of Glendale, California (1999).  Direct and rebuttal testimony before the Oregon Public Utilities Commission regarding the auction of generation and contract resources by an investor-owned utility.

Federal Power Contracts and Rates:  Klickitat Public Utility District, Goldendale, Washington (1998-99).  Reports on developments regarding the Bonneville Power Administration:  rates, product definitions, contract terms and conditions;  advice regarding strategic planning of wholesale power and transmission supplies for the PUD.

Independent System Operator:  Chelan County Public Utility District, Wenatchee, Washington (1998-99).  Development of Memorandum of Understanding for the formation an Independent Grid Scheduler in the Northwest;  development of testimony before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission;  drafting of outlines for operating and governing agreements.

National Electricity Policy:  American Public Power Association, Washington, D.C. (1997-99).

  1. An economic critique of a proposal to privatize three Power Marketing Agencies (PMAs).
  2. A white paper responding to a study of PMA financial practices by the Congressional Budget Office.
  3. A critique of a report on tax-exempt debt by the Congressional Research Service.
  4. An economic critique of a study by a consultant to the Edison Electric Institute of “subsidies” available to public power entities.
  5. Preparation of a paper on the role of tax-exempt municipal debt in the electric power industry, for delivery at the 92nd Annual Conference on Taxation of the National Tax Association.

Open-Access Transmission Tariffs:  American Public Power Association, Washington, D.C. (1997-98).  Preparation of a guidebook for APPA members to use when developing Open-Access Transmission Tariffs.

Retail Wheeling Program:  Grant County Public Utility District, Ephrata, Washington (1997).  Economic and policy analysis of some implications of a possible retail wheeling program for the District’s customers.

Antitrust Economics:  Heller Ehrman White & McAuliffe, Portland, Oregon (1997).  Preparation of an affidavit attesting to damages sustained as a result of anticompetitive behavior in the electric power industry.

Green Power Marketing:  Klickitat Public Utility District, Goldendale, Washington (1997).  Assistance in preparation of a Request for Proposals for the acquisition of three “green power” generating projects;  evaluation of bids;  recommendations for negotiations; negotiations with bidders;  drafting of power sales contract;  drafting of adjustment clause for gas supply contract.

Market Power Study:  Lansing (Michigan) Board of Water & Light (1997).  In cooperation with Economic Modeling & Computer Consulting, Inc. and R.W. Beck, Inc., preparation of a study of market power in the state of Michigan.

Retail Street Lighting and Signal Rates:  City of Portland, Oregon (1996-2000). 

  1. Analysis of the retail rates paid by the City for streetlight and traffic signal consumption, in comparison with standard pricing principles.  Submission of written report.  Negotiations with the City’s investor-owned power supplier for cost allocation and rate design changes. 
  2. Successful negotiation of special contract providing for market-based pricing of electricity at retail.
  3. In an unbundling and retail access proceeding before the state regulatory commission, analysis of impacts of retail rate unbundling proposed by City’s current power supplier, and preparation of prefiled direct and rebuttal testimony on unbundling and rate design. 
  4. Analysis of financial “swap” instruments to manage risk to City of variable purchased power expenses.  Preparation of bid instruments (request for proposals) for a swap of an indexed price for a fixed price.  Review and revision of standard swap contracts.  Analysis of bids and negotiations with bidders for successful swap of indexed prices (completed).  Continued advice on details of the implementation of monthly financial settlements under the swap.

Technical Support for Training in Alternative Dispute Resolution:  Western Regional Transmission Association, Western Systems Coordinating Council, Northwest Regional Transmission Association, and Southwest Regional Transmission Association, Portland, Salt Lake City, and Phoenix (1996-97).  Economic support as part of a four-person team for training in alternative resolution procedures for transmission access and pricing disputes;  participation in training exercises.

Industry Restructuring, Wholesale Power Contract Renegotiation, Transmission Tariff Development:  Tacoma Public Utilities, Tacoma, Washington (1996-97).

  1. Advice on a variety of issues associated with the restructuring of the electric utility industry in the U.S. and the Pacific Northwest
  2. Analysis and assistance in negotiating an amendment to the utility’s power purchase contract with a federal power marketing agency
  3. Analysis of implications for the utility of a proposed merger of a nearby investor-owned utility with a distributor of natural gas
  4. Preparation of ancillary service rates and tariffs. 

Wholesale Power Contract Strategies:  Tillamook People’s Utility District, Tillamook, Oregon (1996-97).  Advice to Power Manager on interpretation and implications of amendments to and operation of existing contract and proposed new contracts with major power supplier, including both power and transmission.

Wholesale Power Contract Evaluation, Renegotiation, and Litigation:  City of Burbank, California (1996-99).  Economic analysis of the rates paid for wholesale power under a long-term wholesale purchase power contract with a Northwest investor-owned utility.  Development of alternative theories of pricing under the contract.  Estimation of refund due, and preparation of notice of refund (payment received).  Interpretation of contract terms in light of FERC Order 888, including the potential for stranded cost obligations.  Support for negotiations aimed at contract revision, replacement, or possible termination.  Investigation of market value of potential lay-off of contract.  Analysis of replacement contract options, including final executed replacement contract.  Preparation of petition to intervene at FERC against the proposed merger of a Northwest investor-owned utility and an international power marketer, including preliminary analyses of relevant antitrust markets.  Evaluation of economic implications of operation under purchase and exchange modes of a long-term sale-and-exchange contract with a Northwest federal power marketing agency. Advice regarding the economic implications of developments in the Northwest for the City’s rights under the contract.  Preparation of strategy for contract revision, replacement, or possible termination.  Auditing of invoices submitted under contract.

Transmission Contract Negotiation:  Chelan County PUD, Wenatchee, Washington and Klickitat County PUD, Goldendale, Washington (1996-97).  Negotiation of terms and conditions of long-term contract for firm and nonfirm transmission service for the hydroelectric resource being scheduled for a wholesale power services customer of Chelan, including mediation;  advice on partial requirements contract rights of Chelan’s customer.

Antitrust Economics:  Taylor Economic Research, Portland, Oregon (1996-98).  Support in preparation of affidavits and testimony on the market power aspects of proposed mergers of electric utilities in California and the Midwest;  review and critique of expert report in a federal antitrust case.

Wholesale and Retail Contracts and Rates:  Columbia River People’s Utility District, St. Helens, Oregon (1996).  Economic analysis in support of various activities associated with preparing for more competitive power markets, including retail rate design, retail industrial contracts, wholesale power contract  and rate issues, economic evaluation of a proposed cogeneration project, and support in negotiation of a retail industrial contract. 

Antitrust Economics and Retail Tariff Design:  Industrial Customers of Northwest Utilities, Portland, Oregon (1996).  For a group of retail industrial customers throughout the Northwest, before the Washington Utilities and Transportation Commission, analysis of the proposed merger of Puget Sound Power and Light with Washington Natural Gas, including market power issues, effects on regulation, and the distribution of the costs and benefits of the proposed merger;  client’s involvement in case settled by negotiation of innovative, market-based pricing tariff for retail service.

Training in Rate Design:  Northwest Public Power Association, Vancouver, Washington (1996).  Two seminars on the impact on retail rates of the unbundling of wholesale power rates by the Bonneville Power Administration.

Cost of Wheeling Power:  Bouillon Christofferson & Schairer, Seattle, Washington (1996).  Development of detailed projection of the long-term cost of wheeling firm power from a proposed greenfield combustion turbine project from the Pacific Northwest to the Los Angeles area, prepared in cooperation with Utility System Efficiencies, Sacramento, California. 

Contract Interpretation:  Emerald People’s Utility District, Eugene, Oregon (1996).  Advice to management and board regarding

  1. Economic implications of proposed amendments to a long-term contract with the utility’s major power supplier (a federal power marketing agency), and
  2. Options for supply diversification under the same contract. 

Wholesale Power Contract Negotiation:  Okanogan Public Utility District, Okanogan, Washington (1996).  Advice during negotiations for wholesale power purchase agreement with an investor-owned utility, and on value of options available under contract with the PUD’s major power supplier.

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